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Spine Physio Care

Sprain

Sprain

A sprain, also known as a torn ligament, is the stretching or tearing of ligaments within a joint, often caused by an injury abruptly forcing the joint beyond its functional range of motion. Ligaments are tough, inelastic fibers made of collagen that connect two or more bones to form a joint and are important for joint stability and proprioception, which is the body's sense of limb position and movement. Sprains can occur at any joint but most commonly occur in the ankle, knee, or wrist. An equivalent injury to a muscle or tendon is known as a strain.

The majority of sprains are mild, causing minor swelling and bruising that can be resolved with conservative treatment, typically summarized as RICE: rest, ice, compression, elevation. However, severe sprains involve complete tears, ruptures, or fractures, often leading to joint instability, severe pain, and decreased functional ability. These sprains require surgical fixation, prolonged immobilization, and physiotherapy. spine physio care is a best center for physiotherapy.

Signs and symptoms

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Joint instability
  • Difficulty with bearing weight
  • Decreased functional ability or range of motion of the injured joint
  • Ligament rupture may cause a cracking or popping sound at the time of injury

Knowing the signs and symptoms of a sprain can be helpful in differentiating the injury from a strain or fracture. Strains typically present with pain, cramping, muscle spasm, and muscle weakness, and fractures typically present with bone tenderness, especially when bearing weight.

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