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Spine Physio Care

Arthritis

Arthritis

Arthritis is a term often used to mean any disorder that affects joints. Symptoms generally include joint pain and stiffness. Other symptoms may include redness, warmth, swelling, and decreased range of motion of the affected joints. In some types of arthritis, other organs are also affected. Onset can be gradual or sudden.

TYPES OF ARTHRITIS

There are over 100 types of arthritis. The most common forms are osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis usually occurs with age and affects the fingers, knees, and hips. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that often affects the hands and feet. Other types include gout, lupus, fibromyalgia, and septic arthritis. They are all types of rheumatic disease.

There are several diseases where joint pain is primary, and is considered the main feature. Generally when a person has "arthritis" it means that they have one of these diseases, which include:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Gout and pseudo-gout
  • Septic arthritis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • Still's disease

Joint pain can also be a symptom of other diseases. In this case, the arthritis is considered to be secondary to the main disease; these include:

  • Psoriasis (Psoriatic arthritis)
  • Reactive arthritis
  • Ehlers–Danlos syndrome
  • Haemochromatosis
  • Hepatitis
  • Lyme disease
  • Sjögren's disease
  • Hashimoto's thyroiditis
  • Celiac disease
  • Non-celiac gluten sensitivity
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis)
  • Henoch–Schönlein purpura
  • Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D with recurrent fever
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Whipple's disease
  • TNF receptor associated periodic syndrome
  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (and many other vasculitis syndromes)
  • Familial Mediterranean fever
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
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